Civil rights workers -- United States -- Biography. Judges -- United States -- Biography.
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Marshall, Thurgood, -- United States. More Details.
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Similar Series From NoveList. Similar Titles From NoveList. Similar Authors From NoveList. Borrower Reviews. Editorial Reviews. Published Reviews. Citation formats are based on standards as of July Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published. Citations should be used as a guideline and should be double checked for accuracy. Written by Juan Williams, a national correspondent for the Washington Post and the author of the acclaimed Eyes on the Prize , it posits that Marshall, above any other individual, is responsible for radically changing the landscape of race relations in the 20th century.
Williams sees Marshall as part of a triumvirate of African-American leaders who sought justice for the impoverished and oppressed and for black people, in particular, in this country.
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The other two men Martin Luther King, Jr. Yet, his actual achievements have profoundly affected the lives of every person in the United States. Williams's book meticulously chronicles the life of Thurgood Marshall from his upbringing in a proud middle class Baltimore family to his rise to the head of the NAACP's legal defense team to his attainment of a seat on the Supreme Court the crown jewel of the legal profession.
Although Williams highlights Marshall's role in the landmark Brown court decision which outlawed racial segregation in public schools see Richard Kluger's Simple Justice for the definitive history of this case , the author convincingly shows the tremendous impact on American society of the many other cases handled by Marshall as the NAACP's top lawyer.
Six years later, Marshall won a big victory for teachers like his mother, when a federal court struck down pay discrimination against African-American teachers in Maryland. Marshall went on to fight for teacher pay equality in 10 states across the South. And many of his most well-known legal battles were fought against discrimination in public education, like Brown v.
Board of Education Marshall fought to make ends meet as a young lawyer. In , he took a second job at a clinic that treated sexually transmitted diseases. Marshall worked at the clinic even as he prepared for the landmark case to integrate the University of Maryland. When he moved to New York in , Marshall did not officially quit his night job—he merely requested a 6-month leave of absence from the clinic, according to biographer Larry S.
But Marshall never returned to his night job. Marshall and his colleagues feared for their safety after the trial and tried to leave town fast. But, according to biographer Wil Haygood , they were ambushed by locals on the road to Nashville. Marshall was arrested on false charges, placed in a sheriff's car, and driven quickly off the main road. His colleagues—who were told to keep driving to Nashville—followed the car, which then returned to the main road.
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Marshall said that he would have been lynched if not for the arrival of his colleagues. But he was also the subject of FBI investigation, under the direction of J. Edgar Hoover.
Thurgood Marshall : American revolutionary
President John F. Kennedy sent his brother Bobby to meet with Marshall about civil rights in But Marshall did not hit it off with the Kennedys and felt his experience on the topic was being discounted. Court of Appeals. It took a year for the Senate to confirm his nomination, over the objection of several southern Senators.
In , President Johnson wanted to put Marshall on the Supreme Court—but there wasn't a vacancy, so Johnson decided to do a little political maneuvering. Johnson officially nominated Marshall as his replacement the next day. Marshall was sworn in to the Supreme Court on October 2, But before he took the oath of office, he had to survive a grueling wait, as several senators from southern states worked to derail his nomination.
Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary | Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
For four days in July , those senators questioned Marshall about his legal philosophy and imposed a quiz about political history, reminiscent of a Jim Crow-era literacy test. Marshall was subjected to more hours of questioning than any Supreme Court nominee before him. Finally, on August 30, the Senate voted to send him to the Supreme Court. Robert S.